Fiqh: Islamic Jurisprudence -
Written by Yahya Al-Hajooree
Character and Creation:
- Man was created from dirt and the woman was created from the rib.
- Allah has decreed the menstrual cycle for the woman and not the man.
- Men grow beards women don’t, but if she does it’s permissible for her to shave it.
- Women are deficient in their intellect and religion. i.e A woman witness = ½ a man and during menses she doesn’t pray and fast.
- The men have been given strength over women.
- A man’s semen is white and a woman’s is yellow.
- It’s an obligation to circumcise the man and its sunnah to circumcise the woman.
- Ear piercing is permissible for women and not for men.
- The urine of the woman is stronger and more dirtier than the man’s
- It’s legislated for man to redo Wudu if he intends to have relations with his a second time in the same setting.
- The Athaan and Iqamah aren’t a must for the women and it’s incorrect for a woman to call them for men.
- A woman prays behind a man, even if she’s alone. However if a man prays behind another man alone, his prayer is incorrect.
- A woman can’t lead a man in prayer.
- If a woman leads the prayer
for other women she must stand in the
middle. When a man leads the prayer he stands in front row all alone.
- Congregational prayer is must for the men and not the women.
- The best row for women in congregation is the last and the best row for the men is the first.
- Walking to prayer at night is recommended for men, but not for woman.
- If the imam makes a mistake in prayer the women clap and the men
say “ Subhanallah”
- The women don’t have to attend Jumu’ah; and men must attend Jumu’ah.
- Women can’t deliver the sermon for Eid, Jumu’ah, Eclipse prayer and Rain prayer.
- Prayer is invalid when a woman passes in front of a man. And if a man passes in front of another man during prayer, it’s still valid.
- The Eid prayer is an obligation for men, but not for women. However it’s recommended for women to attend if they are safe from fitah.
- The congregation stands at the head of the deceased man and at the middle of the deceased woman.
- It’s disliked for women to visit the graveyard and it’s recommended
- Women can’t accompany a funeral procession, but men can.
- Women wash and shroud each other and men wash and shroud each other; unless they were spouses.
Zakah and Sadaqah:
- Women are encouraged more than men to give charity.
- A woman can pay Zakah on her children’s and husband’s behalf, but a man can’t pay Zakah on his children’s and wife’s behalf.
- Redemption is a duty for the man and not the woman. This can occur if a man intentionally had relations with his wife during daylight in Ramadan.
- A woman can’t fast voluntarily unless she has her husband’s permission. A man doesn’t need his wife’s permission to fast voluntarily.
- A woman must have a Mahram when travelling.
- A woman mustn’t raise her voice during the Talbeeyah; and a man should raise voice.
- A woman’s Ihram is the clothes she wears for the journey.
- A man can do Ramal-a slight jog between Safa and Marwa, and around the Ka’bah; and a woman shouldn’t.
- It’s not recommended for the women to try and kiss or touch the black stone during crowding.
- A man can ascend on Safa and Marwa, however a woman mustn’t.
- For a girl one sheep is sacrificed and for a boy two.
Jihad, Battle and Leadership:
- There were no women Prophets or Messengers.
- A woman can’t be a leader for the people or the military.
- The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) took the pledge from the men through a handshake and from the women by speech.
- Women aren’t obliged to perform Jihad unlike the men. However there are certain conditions that must adhered to before the men embark on this obligation.
Marriage , Divorce, Iddah, Kulla’:
- Women are given the Sadaq, not the men.
- Men have the authority for divorce, marriage and giving the Mahr, not the women.
- A man can marry a woman from Ahul Kitab if he knows she frees from
Zina. A woman doesn’t have this right.
- A man can have more than one wife. A woman can’t have more than one husband.
- The Waleemah and wedding are the responsibility on the man not the woman.
- It’s permissible for the women to beat the Duff at their wedding.
This act isn’t permissible for the men.
- Maintenance and support are the duty of the men not the women.
- A woman is under the authority of her husband. A man isn’t under the authority of his wife.
- A woman can’t have anyone visit her home unless she gets her
husband’s permission first. A Man doesn’t need permission for visitors in his home.
- The Angels curse the woman if her husband separates from her bed.
The husband doesn’t receive this curse.
- A woman must have her husband’s permission before she leaves home. A man doesn’t need his wife’s permission to leave home.
- A man doesn’t have an ‘Idda unless he wants to marry his ex-wife’s sister or aunt. However if he divorces his fourth wife and wants to remarry, then he must wait until his ex-wife concludes her “Iddah.
Dress and Adornment:
- It’s recommended for a woman to adorn herself in her home for her husband.
- It’s haraam for a woman to imitate a man in his dress.
- It’s an obligation for the women to sag their clothes below her ankles. Sagging pants and thoubs below the ankles is Haraam for men.
- A woman can’t change her clothes unless she’s in her own home. This act doesn’t apply to the men.
- A woman must wear Hijab: cover her face and body.
- Women can wear jewelry.
- Men can’t wear silk, but women can.
Shaykh Yahya ibn Ali Al-Hajooree (may Allah preserve him)
Kashful Watha’I by Shayk Yahya Al-Hajuri
Translated by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Lamont Battle- Adam
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